Palaeontology is packed with secrets about living creatures like plants and animals that existed thousands, millions, and billions of years before modern humans. Palaeontologists employ fossils to solve these mysteries.
The remains or evidence of ancient life that are frequently buried in rocks are known as fossils. Bones, teeth, shells, leaf impressions, nests, and footprints are some examples. This evidence depicts what our world was like millions of years ago. Fossils also demonstrate how creatures evolved over time and how they are connected to one another.
Palaeontology is inextricably linked to stratigraphy and historical geology because fossils are a primary means of identifying and correlating sedimentary layers. Its investigative methods include biometry (statistical analysis applied to biology), which is meant to provide a statistical description of organism shapes and the quantitative expression of taxonomic relationships.
Palaeontology has played an essential part in reconstructing Earth’s history and has offered considerable evidence to support the evolution theory. Furthermore, data from paleontological research have benefited petroleum geologists in discovering oil and natural gas resources. The presence of such fossil fuels is frequently related to the presence of ancient life-form relics.
Paleontological research dates back to the early 1800s. In 1815 the English geologist William Smith demonstrated the value of using fossils to study strata. At about the same time, the French zoologist Georges Cuvier initiated comparative studies of the structure of living animals with fossil remains.
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Motto – Understanding evolution by unearthing the lives of the past.